Art is an important aspect of learning in early childhood education and must be carefully designed to promote their artistic development and promote the appreciation of beauty in their world. Art enriches the lives of all pre-school and toddler children by enabling them to find meaning for themselves and the world around them.
"From the moment the child discovers what it looks like and how it feels to put lines on paper, it has found something it will never lose, it has found art" – R. Kellogg 1969.
Rhoda Kellogg has studied 100,000 drawings of toddlers drawn in pencil, pencil, crayon or brush, and this extensive study has contributed significantly to our understanding of the artistic development of children. She was particularly interested in the sketches of young children and discovered that children progress from sketches to images via a built-in, spontaneous method of self-taught and until the age of 5 years and only later in the age of development stages in which the works of art to be coached and guided by children by an adult.
Kellogg also identified various symbols drawn by children in different cultures. The Mandala design, which is a simple circle or a square divided by intersecting lines, is made by children in different parts of the world. Kellogg also discovered that preschool and toddler children, unlike older children, are not interested in seeing their artworks look or look pretty, but that they move their hands to express a feeling that emanates from them and beyond Movement and the doodles they produce are delighted. Given this knowledge, it is important not to force them to view and copy physical objects, but to allow them to experiment, to create in their own way, giving them the opportunity to express their own ideas and feelings ,
The artistic stages of development are the doodle, basic form and image stage. Although their development has a predictable pattern, preschoolers and toddlers move through the plains in different ways and at their own pace. These phases can help parents or teachers work with young children and include guidelines for planning a particular group of children.
Kellogg's stages of development
1. Doodle the stage
These are the earliest drawings of young children. These are simple and random marks made for the pleasure of drawing sketches. At this stage, little children are not interested in painting to represent something, but enjoy scribbling on paper.
2. basic form stage
Children begin to draw simple lines and shapes. Kellogg identified several universal symbols that children around the world use. These include the mandala, the sun, ladders, spirals, wavy lines and rainbows. These symbols served to communicate and were the beginnings of writing. Children in this phase continue to paint for pleasure.
During this phase, children use Phase 2 shapes to draw symbolic representations of real people and things like houses, trees, and windows. They begin to identify their drawings, tell stories, and add new meanings and insights to their drawings.
A positive and appropriate promotion of preschoolers and toddlers who embark on artistic endeavors can provide a strong foundation for the subsequent development and enjoyment of artistic experiences.